Indonesia is one of the top coffee-producing countries in the world, and coffee is its fourth-largest export after rubber, palm oil, and cocoa. Robusta beans represent about 90% of Indonesia’s coffee exports (instead of the coveted Arabica beans), Indonesian coffee isn’t as commonly found at third-wave roasters. However, Indonesia still produces high-quality coffee to source and enjoy.
A History of Indonesian Coffee
Indonesia began exporting coffee with the Dutch East India Company in 1711. The company determined Indonesia had an ideal climate for coffee production and expanded its coffee agriculture into the regions of Bogor and Sukabumi followed by areas of Java as well as the islands of Sumatra and Sulawesi.
In the beginning, Indonesia only exported Arabica beans. However, in the 1870s, the country experienced an overwhelming amount of leaf rust that wiped out its Arabica coffee production.
Today, small farms produce the majority of Indonesia’s coffee on properties of around one to two hectares. Despite the similarities between Indonesian and Vietnamese coffee production, farm size is the main difference: Vietnam boasts more large-scale farms that produce its vast quantity of Robusta beans.
However, Indonesia is home to the most expensive coffee in the world: Kopi Luwak. These coffee cherries pass through the digestive tract of an Asian palm civet, which ferments the beans. This unusual process makes Kopi Luwak coffee not only expensive, but also rare and controversial.
Indonesian Coffee Production
Indonesian coffee farmers typically use the giling basah or “wet hulling” method to process their beans, which produces a unique flavor profile. It starts with picking and pulping the coffee using a hand drum to remove the skin from the coffee cherries. The farmers then ferment the coffee overnight in a polypropylene bag, a plastic tub, or a concrete tank.
Then, instead of completely drying their coffee and removing the parchment after this step as typically done in wet processing, Indonesian farmers dry their beans to just 50% dryness before selling them. This enables the farmers to make the highest amount of money for the least amount of labor.
- Flavor Profile: Coffee from this region grows between two volcanoes in the central highlands of Indonesia. While fairly new to specialty coffee production, Bali is responsible for some of Indonesia’s best coffee. Its rich volcanic soil, natural manure, and shade-growing practices allow Bali’s beans to mature slowly. This makes them sweeter and more nutrient-dense.
- Processing Format: Washing is the most common method in this region, which produces coffee in very small volumes, with dry processing used only occasionally.
- Average Harvest Season: May to October
The highland region of Kintamani, between the volcanoes of Batukaru and Agung, is the main coffee-growing area on Bali. Many coffee farmers on Bali are members of a traditional farming system called Subak Abian, which is based on the Hindu philosophy of “Tri Hita Karana“. According to this philosophy, the three causes of happiness are good relations with God, other people and the environment. This philosophy, specifically ‘happiness with the environment’ favors the production of organic coffee, or at least the use of organic fertilizers and the lack of use of agrochemicals. The Subak Abian system is ideally suited to the production of fair trade coffee production because the Subak organizes smallholders, which is often a requirement of fair trade certification.
Stakeholders in Bali, including the Subak Abian, have created Indonesia’s first Geographic Indication (G.I.). Issued in 2008, the G.I. establishes legal protection for coffee produced in the Kintamani region. It also serves as a marketing tool to differentiate Kintamani coffee from coffees produced in other regions.
Generally, Balinese coffee is processed using the wet method. This results in a sweet, soft coffee with good consistency. Typical flavors include lemon and other citrus notes.
On a coffee plantation you can usually see how the coffee grows and how it is processed. Sometimes even take part in the roasting process. You will be told what conditions are necessary for proper coffee growth, how the beans differ between men’s and women’s beans and which beans are better. You can usually taste several types of coffee free of charge – for example, coffee with additives of different local spices and several types of tea. Normally, a lewak coffee tasting costs a small amount of 50,000 to 60,000 rupees, as this coffee is quite expensive to produce. You don’t have to buy your favorite tea or coffee, but if your soul is lying down, it’s worth it. Some farms contain civets that are involved in the production of coffee onions.
Welcome to Our Company
Element Kopi | Bali, Indonesia
We are the Export company that based in Bali, Indonesia.
Our company was established in 2019. We have exported lots of products such as Green Coffee Beans like Arabica Coffee Beans Fullwash, Arabica Natural Coffee Beans, Arabica Fullwash Roasted Beans, Arabica Natural Roasted Beans, Robusta Coffee Honey, Robusta Honey Roasted.
We Export those commodities to a few countries such as : Ukraine, India and Pakistan.
All the products we Export is 100% Premium Quality and original made.
Element kopi which worked in the field of providing coffee beans. we are located in Bali, Indonesia . We have been working in the field for over 3 years, the coffee product is fresh from Bali with complex layer of Banana and caramel taste. Therefore we have experience and professionals inthe field of coffee beans.
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